The Peanut Innovation Lab began work with five commissioned projects, work that was approved as part of the initial program award to the Univeristy of Georgia.
Breeder seed production and assessment of breeding programs' capactity-building needs in targeted African countries
The main objectives are to produce sufficient breeder and foundation seed of improved varieties for use in seed systems partnerships, and to collectively assess and prioritize needs to enhance each national peanut breeding program in the target countries for the Peanut Innovation Lab.
Implementing a management system in peanut breeding programs
To improve the efficiency of plant breeding programs in target countries by enabling plant breeders to access a modern analytical pipeline, breeding technologies/materials and related information, in a centralized, integrated and practical manner, to better deliver improved varieties that meet local farmers’ needs and market demand.
PICS bag evaluation
The project assesses PICS bags for aflatoxin containment and preventing loss due to insect damage in stored peanut. Hermetic storage, specifically PICS bags, has been successfully promoted to address these issues in cereals and dry legumes. Hermetic storage may also present a viable option for improving seed storage, leading to higher germination rates. The project will address several two initial moisture levels, four PICS storage treatments, and two peanut cultivars (one high oleic, one normal oleic).
Peanut gene evaluation
The project aims to genotype a wide array of groundnut germplasm using the high-density, 48K Axiom_Arachis2 SNP array. The SNP array contains 30,539 SNPs useful for cultivated peanut and has been used to genotype several recombinant inbred line populations segregating for nematode, tomato spotted wilt virus, late leaf spot, white mold resistance and seed traits, as well as a set of genotypes used to screen for aflatoxin contamination.
Risk index tool update
The main objective is to modify the NCSU risk index software tool (www.peanut.ncsu.edu/riskmgmt) for use in the Peanut Innovation Lab countries to ultimately aid farmers in making informed decisions on the best options for production practices, including disease and pest management.